- Sinha, Monika

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# Sinha, Monika

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Sinha M.

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- PublicationDense Matter in Strong Magnetic Field: Covariant Density Functional Approach(2022-01-01)
;Thapa, Vivek Baruah; ;Li, Jia JieSedrakian, ArmenShow more The existence of compact stars with high mass (> 2 M⊙ ) raises the possibility of the appearance of heavy baryons at high-density regimes.With this possibility, we study the effect of a strong magnetic field on the matter composed of baryon-octet and Δ -resonances under strong magnetic fields.The functionals in the hyperonic sector are constrained by the Λ, Ξ- hypernuclei data from terrestrial experiments.Δ -resonance sector is constrained by studies of their scattering off nuclei and heavy-ion collisions.The main effect of the magnetic field is shown to be the oscillations of various matter properties, viz., particle populations and Dirac effective mass with density resulting from the occupation of the Landau level by charged fermions in strong magnetic fields.Show more - PublicationNon-radial oscillations in newly born compact star considering effects of phase transition(2024-05-01)
; ;Thakur, PratikShow more The massive stars end their lives by supernova explosions leaving central compact objects that may evolve into neutron stars. Initially, after birth, the star remains hot and gradually cools down. We explore the matter and star properties during this initial stage of the compact stars considering the possibility of the appearance of deconfined quark matter in the core of the star. At the initial stage after the supernova explosion, the occurrence of non-radial oscillation in the newly born compact object is highly possible. Non-radial oscillations are an important source of gra vitational wa ves (GWs). There is a high chance for GWs from these oscillations, especially the nodeless fundamental (f) mode to be detected by next-generation GW detectors. We study the evolution in frequencies of non-radial oscillation after birth considering phase transition and predicting the possible signature for different possibilities of theoretical compact star models.Show more - PublicationMassive Δ -resonance admixed hypernuclear stars with antikaon condensations(2021-03-03)
;Thapa, Vivek Baruah; ;Li, Jia JieSedrakian, ArmenShow more In this work, we study the effect of (anti)kaon condensation on the properties of compact stars that develop hypernuclear cores with and without an admixture of Δ-resonances. We work within the covariant density functional theory with the parameters adjusted to K-atomic and kaon-nucleon scattering data in the kaonic sector. The density-dependent parameters in the hyperonic sector are adjusted to the data on Λ and Ξ- hypernuclei data. The Δ-resonance couplings are tuned to the data obtained from their scattering off nuclei and heavy-ion collision experiments. We find that (anti)kaon condensate leads to a softening of the equation of state and lower maximum masses of compact stars than in the absence of the condensate. Both the K- and K̄0 condensations occur through a second-order phase transition, which implies no mixed-phase formation. For large values of (anti)kaon and Δ-resonance potentials in symmetric nuclear matter, we observe that condensation leads to an extinction of Ξ-,0 hyperons. We also investigate the influence of inclusion of additional hidden-strangeness σ∗ meson in the functional and find that it leads to a substantial softening of the equation of state and delay in the onset of (anti)kaons.Show more Scopus© Citations 29 - PublicationHybrid stars are compatible with recent astrophysical observations(2023-03-15)
; ;Thapa, Vivek BaruahShow more Compact stars (CS) are stellar remnants of massive stars. Inside CSs the density is so high that matter is in subatomic form composed of nucleons. With an increase of density of matter toward the center of the objects, other degrees of freedom like hyperons, heavier nonstrange baryons, meson condensates may appear. Not only that, at higher densities the nucleons may get decomposed into quarks and form deconfined strange quark matter (SQM). If it is so then CSs may contain SQM in the core surrounded by nucleonic matter forming hybrid stars (HSs). However, the nature and composition of matter inside CSs can only be inferred from the astrophysical observations of these CSs. Recent astrophysical observations in terms of CS mass-radius (M-R) relation and gravitational wave (GW) observation indicate that the matter should be soft in the intermediate density range and stiff enough at higher density range to attain the maximum possible mass above 2M⊙ which is not compatible with pure hadronic equations of states (EOSs). Consequently, we study the HS properties with different models of SQM and find that within vector bag model considering density dependent bag parameter, the model goes well with the astrophysical observations so far.Show more Scopus© Citations 5 - PublicationEquation of State of Strongly Magnetized Matter with Hyperons and Δ-Resonances(2020-12-01)
;Thapa, Vivek Baruah; ;Li, Jia JieSedrakian, ArmenShow more We construct a new equation of state for the baryonic matter under an intense magnetic field within the framework of covariant density functional theory. The composition of matter includes hyperons as well as (Formula presented.) -resonances. The extension of the nucleonic functional to the hypernuclear sector is constrained by the experimental data on (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) -hypernuclei. We find that the equation of state stiffens with the inclusion of the magnetic field, which increases the maximum mass of neutron star compared to the non-magnetic case. In addition, the strangeness fraction in the matter is enhanced. Several observables, like the Dirac effective mass, particle abundances, etc. show typical oscillatory behavior as a function of the magnetic field and/or density which is traced back to the occupation pattern of Landau levels.Show more Scopus© Citations 22 - PublicationBaryonic dense matter in view of gravitational-wave observations(2021-10-01)
;Thapa, Vivek Baruah; Show more The detection of gravitational waves (GWs) from the merger of binary neutron star (NS) events (GW170817 and GW190425) and subsequent estimations of tidal deformability play a key role in constraining the behaviour of dense matter. In addition, massive NS candidates (∼2 M) along with NICER mass-radius measurements also set sturdy constraints on the dense matter equation of state. Strict bounds from GWs and massive NS observations constrain the theoretical models of nuclear matter comportment at large density regimes. On the other hand, model parameters providing the highly dense matter response are bounded by nuclear saturation properties. This work analyses coupling parametrizations from two classes based on covariant density functional models: non-linear and density-dependent schemes. Considering these constraints together, we study possible models and parametrization schemes with the feasibility of exotic degrees of freedom in dense matter which go well with the astrophysical observations as well as the terrestrial laboratory experiments. We show that most parametrizations with non-linear schemes do not support the observations and experiments while density-dependent scheme goes well with both. Astrophysical observations are well explained if the inclusion of heavier non-strange baryons is considered as one fraction of the dense matter particle spectrum.Show more Scopus© Citations 7 - PublicationThermal properties of the core of magnetar(2023-08-01)
;Sarkar, Trisha ;Yadav, ShaluShow more During very early age of neutron stars, the core cools down faster compared to the crust creating a large thermal gradient in the interior of the star. During 10−100 years, a cooling wave propagates from the core to the crust causing the interior of the star to thermalize. During this duration thermal properties of the core material is of great importance to understand the dynamics of the interior of the star. The heat capacity and thermal conductivity of the core depends on the behaviour of matter inside the core. We investigate these two properties in case of magnetars. Due to presence of large magnetic field, the proton superconductivity is quenched partially inside the magnetars depending upon the comparative values of upper critical field and the strength of the magnetic field present. This produces non-uniformity in the behaviour of matter throughout the star. Moreover, such non-uniformity arises from the variation of nature of the pairing and values of the pairing gap energy. We find that the heat capacity is substantially reduced due to the presence of superfluidity. On the other hand, the thermal conductivity of neutron is enhanced due to proton superconductivity and gets reduced due to neutron superfluidity. Hence, the variation of the thermal properties due to superfluidity in presence of magnetic field is different at different radius inside the star. However, in all the cases the maximum variation is of the order one. This affects the thermal relaxation time of the star and eventually its the thermal evolution.Show more Scopus© Citations 1 - PublicationInfluence of the nuclear symmetry energy slope on observables of compact stars with(2022-01-01)
;Thapa, Vivek BaruahShow more In this work, we study the effects of the nuclear symmetry energy slope on the neutron star dense matter equation of state and its impact on neutron star observables (mass-radius, tidal response). We construct the equation of state within the framework of covariant density functional theory implementing coupling schemes of nonlinear and density-dependent models with viability of heavier non-nucleonic degrees of freedom. The slope of the symmetry energy parameter (Lsym) is adjusted following the density dependence of isovector meson coupling to baryons. We find that smaller values of Lsym at saturation favor early appearance of Δ resonances in comparison to hyperons, leading to latter's threshold at higher matter densities. We also investigate the dependence of Lsym on tidal deformability and the compactness parameter of a 1.4M⊙ neutron star for different equations of state and observe similar converging behavior for larger Lsym values.Show more Scopus© Citations 5 - Publication(Anti)kaon condensation in strongly magnetized dense matter(2023-03-01)
;Kundu, Debraj ;Thapa, Vivek BaruahShow more Recent observations of several massive pulsars, with masses near and above 2M⊙, point towards the existence of matter at very high densities, compared to normal matter that we are familiar with in our terrestrial world. This leads to the possibility of the appearance of exotic degrees of freedom other than nucleons inside the core of the neutrons stars (NSs). Another significant property of NSs is the presence of a high surface magnetic field, with the highest range of the order of ≈1016 G. We study the properties of highly dense matter with the possibility of the appearance of heavier strange and nonstrange baryons, and kaons in the presence of a strong magnetic field. We find that the presence of a strong magnetic field stiffens the matter at high density, delaying the kaon appearance and, hence, increasing the maximum attainable mass of NS family.Show more Scopus© Citations 1 - PublicationAmbipolar decay of magnetic field in magnetars and the observed magnetar activities(2021-06-28)
;Bhalla, BadalShow more Magnetars are comparatively young neutron stars with ultra-strong surface magnetic field in the range 1014-1016G. The old neutron stars have surface magnetic field somewhat less 108G which clearly indicates the decay of field with time. One possible way of magnetic field decay is by ambipolar diffusion. We describe the general procedure to solve for the ambipolar velocity inside the star core without any approximation. With a realistic model of neutron star, we determine the ambipolar velocity configuration inside the neutron star core and hence find the ambipolar decay rate, associated timescales and the magnetic energy dissipated which is consistent with the magnetar observations.Show more